Talk about spectacular resting places! The Viking Ship Museum in Oslo, Norway displays boats and artifacts from four different boat burials along the Oslo Fjord. Three of the boats are well preserved, and the fourth was reduced to iron nails and other bits and pieces. They date from about 820 A.D. to about 900 A.D. All the boats were used at sea for some years, then drydocked and fitted with burial rooms before being dug into the ground. They were found and excavated between 1852 and 1904.
The most beautiful of the three, the Oseberg, was used to bury two women. How important must they have been? A pair of the legendary shield-maidens, perhaps? Maybe a couple of princesses? How did two powerful women die at the same time? There’s a story here, but it’s lost in the mists of Scandinavian history. Modern dating techniques place this burial at 834 A.D.
The intricate carved wood detail is beautiful.
Oar openings are still present–fifteen of them on this boat. Still-intact shields were hung from some of the oar holes.
Some elements, like the serpent above, were reconstructed from fragments. Mostly, though, preservation was excellent, because the ships were buried in moist ground with high clay content, and covered with turf for centuries.
The solemn fellows shown above worked on the excavation in 1903. The photo clearly shows the intact wood carvings. The graves had already been looted long ago of precious materials, but plenty of grave goods survived.
Who is the bearded fellow above?
He’s part of a fantastically carved wooden cart found with the Oseberg ship. Vikings were known to use utilitarian carts, but this elaborate one was most likely used in ceremonies and religious processions.
The cart is made of oak. Every surface is covered with carved people and animals, possibly showing Norse legends or historical events.
Did Vikings have cats? I think so! The Norwegian Forest Cat is said to have sailed on ships. Who doesn’t need a good mouser?
The cart is not only beautiful, but quite a feat of engineering.
The cart was most likely pulled by two horses. A bridle, decorated with metal studs, is on display in a case nearby.
There’s also a sleigh, proof that the Vikings knew their way around snow and ice.
The sleigh carvings are as elaborate and beautiful as the ones on the cart.
Solid wood sleigh shafts are intricate carved and studded.
Burials included cooking pots and a good supply of food for the journey to Valhalla.
Rattles were most likely used in religious ceremonies. This one would make quite a racket. Maybe it scared away evil spirits?
There are even a few surviving textiles. Most likely some were woven at home, and some came from trading–or raiding.
This is by far the most complete Viking exhibit I’ve seen anywhere. I wouldn’t care to see fearsome Viking raiders on my horizon, but from the safe distance of many centuries, their faces are fascinating.